Haiti At a Glance
Haiti was the first country of liberated slaves. The country is an island shared with the Dominican Republic and is a part of the Carribean. The land and water are beautiful.
Haiti is the poorest country in the Americas. The political upheaval in the last decade has made ensuring women’s sexual and reproductive rights and health difficult. In Haiti 80% of women give birth in the home. 75% of these births take place without a skilled birth attendant. Women in Haiti have a one-in-twenty-nine chance of dying in childbirth.
The Societé Haïtienne de Obstetriciens et Gynécologues works closely with Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada International Women’s Health Program. Through the Partnership Program, the ALARM International Program and the FIGO Save the Mothers and Newborns Projects, the SHOG and the SOGC work together to save women’s lives.
Particularly through the Partnership Program, the SOGC has supported the SHOG in collaborating with Association d’Infirmiéres Sages Femmes d’ Haiti (AISF). Due to the low rates of skilled attendants at birth more initiatives promoting skilled attendance at birth are being supported as a solution to reduce maternal mortality.
The SOGC has delivered a large number of ALARM International training programs in Haiti. Here nurses, midwives and doctors gather to learn basic skills in emergency obstetric care. This training teaches active management of the third stage of labour to prevent post partum hemorrhage, how to implement maternal death audits in health centres, and the basics of sexual and reproductive rights and health, among other things. The course is based on adult learning principles and involves activities such as role play.
Through the FIGO Saving Mothers and Newborns Projects the SHOG and the SOGC has been working together to develop a maternity ward in the Croix-des-Bouquets Health centre in the Croix-des-Bouquets region of Haiti. Croix-des-Bouquets has a high level of maternal mortality as no birthing centers exist in the region.
The technical experts for the FIGO SM/NH Project are Renée Laliberté and Charlotte Landry. They have worked in partnership with the SHOG, particularly with executive vice-president Lauré Adrien, on this project, along with SOGC AEVP Dr. André Lalonde.