Haiti is a small Caribbean nation located east of Cuba and sharing an island with the Dominican Republic. As the first country of liberated slaves, Haiti has a long and storied history that contributes to its rich culture of mixed French, African and Spanish influence. The SOGC began working in Haiti in 1998 in an effort to address the staggering maternal mortality ratio, which still to this day ranks highest in all the Americas.
Since 1998, the SOGC has been working in partnership with la Société haïtienne d'obstétrique et de gynécologie (SHOG) to support capacity building initiatives of their professional association. The support provided by SOGC's Partnership Program has helped SHOG expand beyond its original focus of grouping together obstetricians and gynaecologists in order to promote their specialty to become an association with increased organizational capacities and enhanced credibility as a professional association concerned with the promotion of women's right to survive pregnancy and childbirth.
ALARM International Program
The SHOG has adopted the ALARM International Program and has promoted AIP training throughout Haiti in order to upgrade the skills of health professionals, to provide additional training to medical students and residents, and to ultimately strengthen health institutions. The SHOG's experience with the AIP has allowed the Society to develop an expertise for evaluating the capacity of health centers to deliver maternal and newborn health services, to offer training in EmONC, including sexual and reproductive rights and maternal death audits, and also to initiate a pilot project for the use of a 3-day AIP course for health administrators.
An adapted version of the AIP was also offered to Haitian medical students as part of SOGC's Earthquake Relief Initiative. Similar trainings are now underway, as part of the Haiti Reconstruction Project.
FIGO Saving Mothers and Newborns Project
The aim of the FIGO SMN Project in Haiti was to upgrade the capacity of the health center of Croix-des-Bouquets to offer comprehensive maternal and infant care services, including safe deliveries and emergency obstetrical care when needed. The 4 year initiative came to an end in 2011, but SOGC is continuing to build on the accomplishments of this project by supporting the Croix-des-Bouquets Maternity Centre through SOGC's Earthquake Relief Initiative and with recent funding obtained from the MacArthur Foundation.
In response to the devastating earthquake which struck Haiti in January 2010, the SOGC has been working closely with SHOG to expand and improve the services offered at the Croix-des-Bouquets Maternity Center. As part of this initiative, the SOGC and the Canadian Foundation for Women's Health launched the Mothers and Newborns of Haiti Donation Campaign. The generosity of SOGC members and partners helped to raise over $250,000 which was used to cover the renovation and operational costs of the maternity.
The SOGC has received funding from the MacArthur Foundation to continue supporting the Croix-des-Bouquets Maternity Centre by covering the centre's operational costs for one year (August 2011 - 2012). The SOGC will work closely with SHOG and the centre's staff to monitor the implementation of the project and to ensure that efforts are made to improve the quality of care offered at the centre. Specific attention will be placed on reaching out to vulnerable populations, such as women living in nearby displacement camps.
The SOGC's proposal to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) to fund reconstruction efforts in Haiti was approved. The project, which aims to contribute to the efforts to reduce maternal mortality in Haiti, focuses mainly on the new generation of doctors (residents and interns), offering them training opportunities to increase their skills in emergency obstetrical care. This new initiative started in September 2011 with the project manager moving to Port-au-Prince for the duration of the project. A total of 13 AIP courses are planned to take place over the course of one year.
The SOGC's main partner in Haiti is the Société Haïtienne d'Obstétrique et de Gynécologie (SHOG), the national ob/gyn professional association.
* Financial and technical support for the creation of this website was generously offered by the SOGC's CIDA-funded Partnership Program
|Population: 8,924,553 (2008)|
|Median Age: 18.5 years (2008)|
|Life Expectancy: 57.56 (2008)|
|HIV/AIDS Prevalence (ages 15-49): 3.8% (2005)|
|Fertility Rate: 4.79 children born per woman (2008)|
|Infant Mortality: 62.33/1000 live births (2008)|
|Skilled Attendants at Delivery: 26% (2000-2006)|
|Contraceptive Prevalence: 32% (2000-2006)|
|Maternal Mortality Ratio: 670 per 100,000 (2005)|
|Lifetime Risk of Maternal Death: 1 in 44 (2005)|
|Average Child Marriage: 30% (1987-2006)|